HTTP Header

Why Trust Techopedia

What Does HTTP Header Mean?

HTTP headers are the name or value pairs that are displayed in the request and response messages of message headers for Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).

Advertisements

Usually, the header name and the value are separated by a single colon. HTTP headers are an integral part of HTTP requests and responses.

In simpler terms, HTTP headers are the code that transfers data between a Web server and a client. HTTP headers are mainly intended for the communication between the server and client in both directions.

Techopedia Explains HTTP Header

HTTP headers can be classified into four types:

HTTP Request Header

Whenever you type a URL into the address bar and try to access it, your browser sends an HTTP request to the server. The HTTP request header contains information in a text-record form, which includes particulars such as the:

  • Type, capabilities and version of the browser that generates the request.
  • Operating system used by the client.
  • Page that was requested.
  • Various types of outputs accepted by the browser.

HTTP Response Header

Upon receiving the request header, the Web server will send an HTTP response header back to the client. An HTTP response header includes information in a text-record form that a Web server transmits back to the client's browser. The response header contains particulars such as the type, date and size of the file sent back by the server, as well as information regarding the server.

HTTP General Header

These headers contain directives that need to be followed, for both the requester and receiver. This can include information regarding:

  • Caching directives.
  • Specified connection options.
  • The date (always listed in Greenwich Mean TIme)
  • Pragma
  • Upgrade (for if the protocols need to be switched)
  • Via (to indicate intermediate protocols)
  • Warning (for additional information not found elsewhere in the header. There may be more than one warning listed.)

HTTP Entity Header

These headers include information regarding:

  • Allow (methods supported by the identified resource)
  • Content Encoding.
  • Content Language.
  • Content Location.
  • Content Length.
  • MD-5 (for checking the integrity of the message upon receipt).
  • Content Range.
  • Content Type.
  • When it Expires.
  • When it was last modified.

Advertisements

Related Terms

Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert
Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.