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A camper is a video gamer who finds a strategic spot within a level and waits there for players, game-controlled enemies or choice items to appear. This strategy is known as camping.
Camping is most popular in first-person shooter (FPS) games, but depending on the game being played, it is usually considered a form of cheating, or at least a degenerative strategy. This is because if every single player follows a camping strategy, then there won't be any possibilities for players to confront each other, leaving no game to play. Some FPS games can be customized to employ a camping strategy where entire groups are dedicated to sniper-only challenges.
There are two basic types of camping:
Camping is most popular among shooter games, where the players hide themselves in a strategic spot for a very long time, thereby killing opponents and grabbing a tactical edge. The spot a camper chooses is usually hidden from casual view and perhaps partially or fully secured by an object. The campers then make use of this spot to ambush or perform sniper attacks on opponents. The time scale for camping may vary with different players or with the player's response to various game conditions. Some games do not encourage camping, forcing the campers who remain stationary for too long to move ahead, or applying strict penalties like small quantities of periodic health damage.
In a mixed playing environment where camping is frowned upon, bunny hopping (erratic jumping and running) becomes the usual response by players who are tired of being picked off by an unseen enemy.