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Interoperability testing involves testing whether a given software program or technology is compatible with others and promotes cross-use functionality. This kind of testing is now important as many different kinds of technology are being built into architectures made up of many diverse parts, where seamless operation is critical for developing a user base.
The factors in interoperability testing include syntax and data format compatibility, sufficient physical and logical connection methods, and ease of use features. Software programs need to be able to route data back and forth without causing operational issues, losing data, or otherwise losing functionality. In order to facilitate this, each software component needs to recognize incoming data from other programs, handle the stresses of its role in an architecture, and provide accessible, useful results.
One example of an industry where interoperability testing is important is in the medical field. Digital medical record technologies need to be interoperable on many levels in order to ensure that various providers will be able to transfer patient records from one office to another. Many other industries have similar needs, which is why interoperability testing is such an emerging part of software production.