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Convention over configuration is a software development approach geared toward developing programs according to typical programming conventions, versus programmer defined configurations. It enables quick and simple software creation while maintaining base software requirements.
Convention over configuration is also known as coding by convention.
Convention over configuration relies on the development of a program through the use of an underlying language’s native procedures, functions, classes and variables. This approach reduces or eliminates the need for additional software configuration files, ultimately facilitating and expediting software development, code consistency and maintenance. However, to follow these conventions, a software developer must be acquainted with the underlying framework.
Software frameworks that support the convention over configuration development approach include Ruby on Rails, JavaBeans and CakePHP.