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A Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) certificate is a form of Web authentication used to validate website security and provide identity protection to website users. SSL certificates are issued by a certification authority (CA).
Web browsers provide viewable SSL certificate information near the browser search bar. SSL validation is represented by a locked padlock icon and https prefix.
Web security is essential for website safety. An SSL certificate ensures identity protection and tightens network security. Many e-commerce websites purchase SSL certificates to bolster customer and visitor trust.
During the SSL process, visitor data is encrypted. For example, a user visits a website. The website and user servers then exchange a handshake and determine an encryption format. Data is encrypted and unencrypted upon receipt by either server.
There are three types of SSL certificates: