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A botnet herder, or bot herder, is an individual who controls and maintains a botnet by installing malicious software in numerous machines, putting these machines into his or her control. These "herds" of bot machines, also called zombies, can then be used to attack or infect other machines. The herder takes control of the botnet through a command-and-control server communicating via protocols like Internet Relay Chat (IRC) or peer-to-peer (P2P) networking. Botnet herders can also rent their herds to other cybercriminals.
Botnet herders have found ways to widen their area of attack. They have posted jobs online offering opportunities for individuals with a computer and a home office. Behind this job opportunity lies a plan to infect computers all over the globe by using innocent job seekers.
With this alarming incident taking place, the public should be aware of ways to determine whether their computer has been infected by cybercriminals: