What Does Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) Mean?The Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), or H.R.3261, is a bill that was on the fast track to a final House Judiciary Committee vote on January 24, 2012. On Friday, January 20, 2012, the controversial SOPA bill was canceled by Rep. Lamar Smith (R-Tex.).
Geared toward preempting U.S. property theft by promoting creativity and innovation, SOPA was introduced to the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives in October 2011. SOPA expanded the PROTECT IP Act of 2011 (PIPA), a similar Senate bill, by giving copyright holders and U.S. law enforcement the right to battle infringed - or allegedly infringed - intellectual property (IP) and counterfeit products.
SOPA is also known as the Enforcing and Protecting American Rights Against Sites Intent on Theft and Exploitation Act (E-PARASITE Act).