What Does Cyclades Mean?

Cyclades is (was) a packet-switching network developed in 1972 that had many of the attributes of a modern computer network. Cyclades was developed in France based on ARPANET after a group of French delegates were introduced to the technology on a visit to the United States. Cyclades introduced a number of new concepts that had a major technical influence on the development of the Internet.


Techopedia Explains Cyclades

Cyclades was the first network to use datagrams and make network hosts responsible for delivering data, rather than the network itself. This was highly influential in the development of TCP/IP, which eventually became the language of the Internet. Cyclades also had a layered architecture, with a data transmission layer, transport layer and application layer.

Despite Cyclades’ major strides in networking technology, it is still considered a footnote in the development of the Internet compared to ARPANET. This is because the European postal and telecommunications authorities chose to adopt the X.25 standard rather than packet switching as their data transmission protocol. As a result, they campaigned against packet switching networks and the use of the datagram. This eventually led to a reduction in funding for the Cyclades project, which led to its eventual dissolution.


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Margaret Rouse

Margaret Rouse is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical, business audience. Over the past twenty years her explanations have appeared on TechTarget websites and she's been cited as an authority in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine and Discovery Magazine.Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages. If you have a suggestion for a new definition or how to improve a technical explanation, please email Margaret or contact her…