Definition - What does Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider mean?
Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider, better known as J.C.R Licklider, was a computer scientist who is primarily remembered for having championed the creation of ARPANET, an early Internet. Licklider arranged much of the funding and assembled the team that eventually made ARPANET a reality. He is also recognized as an early theorist in artificial intelligence and cybernetics.
Licklider’s 1960 paper, “Man-Computer Symbiosis,” discussed the future relationship of people and computers. In the future he foresaw, computers would bring raw processing power and humans would guide them from task to task.
In 1962, Licklider wrote further on the need for what was then referred to as a galactic network. After taking up the directorship of Advanced Research Projects Agency (APRA), Licklider set Larry Roberts upon the path of creating the Internet and also funded Douglas Engelbart’s groundbreaking Augmentation Research Center (ARC) at Stanford Research Institute.