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A configuration baseline is a fixed reference in the development cycle or an agreed-upon specification of a product at a point in time. It serves as a documented basis for defining incremental change and encompasses many different aspects of the product. It is the center of an effective configuration management program whose purpose is to give a definite basis for change control in a project by controlling various configuration items like work, features, product performance and other measurable configuration. Basically, it is a clearly defined specification that is considered the baseline for all changes that follow.
A configuration baseline is also known simply as a baseline.
There are different types of configuration baselines depending on the context such as software, hardware and others. The technical baseline is one of these and includes user requirements, program and product information, and related documentation for all configuration items. It consists of the following baselines: