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Object-oriented modeling (OOM) is the construction of objects using a collection of objects that contain stored values of the instance variables found within an object. Unlike models that are record-oriented, object-oriented values are solely objects.
The object-oriented modeling approach creates the union of the application and database development and transforms it into a unified data model and language environment. Object-oriented modeling allows for object identification and communication while supporting data abstraction, inheritance and encapsulation.
Object-oriented modeling is the process of preparing and designing what the model’s code will actually look like. During the construction or programming phase, the modeling techniques are implemented by using a language that supports the object-oriented programming model.
OOM consists of progressively developing object representation through three phases: analysis, design, and implementation. During the initial stages of development, the model developed is abstract because the external details of the system are the central focus. The model becomes more and more detailed as it evolves, while the central focus shifts toward understanding how the system will be constructed and how it should function.
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