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As a component of Secure Boot - also introduced in Windows 8 - ELAM is a detection driver used to identify malware, root kits or other malicious code/drivers initiated at system startup. When a system starts, ELAM scans all third-party apps/drivers and sends the system kernel a report that includes all of the device/software drivers, which are classified as one of the following four groups: good, bad, bad but boot critical and unknown. All drivers are loaded in Windows 8 by default, with the exception of bad drivers.
ELAM technology also may be used with third-party anti-malware and security software.