Load Balancing Router

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What Does Load Balancing Router Mean?

A load balancing router enables load balancing and sharing in a network with multiple Internet connectivity options or network link resources. It combines the cumulative bandwidth speed of different connections to provide a unified Internet connection and reduce latency while sharing, transferring and shuffling network bandwidth.

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Techopedia Explains Load Balancing Router

A load balancing router optimizes and improves network bandwidth speed, overall performance and Internet redundancy through several techniques, such as bandwidth aggregation, used to bond the bandwidth capacity of DSL, cable, T1 or any other Internet connection.

Overall traffic can be dynamically distributed across each connection or manually configured. Configuration is implemented in the load balancing router interface and associates a specific service with an Internet connection. For example, Web/network services requiring high bandwidth may be assigned a T1 or the highest available bandwidth connection.

A load balancing router also provides redundancy by transferring Internet connections between networks in the event of a failed connection. Moreover, some load balancing routers provide the ability to learn, identify, use and switch between best available network paths.

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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert
Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.