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Information warfare is the tactical and strategic use of information to gain an advantage. It includes multiple types of operations and has been pursued in radically different ways during different eras.
Information warfare is also known as cyberwarfare, electronic warfare and cyberattack.
Experts tend to associate information warfare with U.S. military and espionage systems, while other national systems may use different terminology.
In terms of practical implementation, information warfare was practiced in earlier times. For example, during the industrial age, airplanes would cover villages or towns with leaflets or materials as part of foreign policy implementation. As the industrial age progressed to the age of radio and television, this type of media was used in information warfare.
Today, nearly all relevant implementations involve digital media. Examples of modern information warfare include offensive strategies to invade or hobble an enemy’s IT infrastructure, as well as efforts to defend IT systems against cyberattacks.
Types of information warfare include: