National Vulnerability Database

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What Does National Vulnerability Database Mean?

The National Vulnerability Database (NVD) is a U.S. government project that was created to help individuals and companies research the automation of vulnerability management, along with other security and compliance goals. This database includes tabled information on different kinds of security threats and other factors in cybersecurity.


Techopedia Explains National Vulnerability Database

The National Vulnerability Database is a project of the Department of Homeland Security National Cyber Security Division/U.S. CERT. Users can access:

  • Searchable database of vulnerabilities
  • Checklists
  • Impact metrics
  • Relevant statistics

The National Vulnerability Database uses a protocol called Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP). These solutions are intended to provide standardized and consistent models for automated vulnerability handling.

Reports have shown that the National Vulnerability Database itself has been hacked in the past, and that the project was briefly taken off-line in March of 2013.

Federal resources like these are part of a larger network of security standards and tools that developers and others use as they conduct a broader conversation about consistent and standardized security practices.


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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert
Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.