Apache Sqoop

What Does Apache Sqoop Mean?

Apache Sqoop ("SQL to Hadoop") is a Java-based, console-mode application designed for transferring bulk data between Apache Hadoop and non-Hadoop datastores, such as relational databases, NoSQL databases and data warehouses. Version 1.4.4 was released on July 31, 2013.

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Techopedia Explains Apache Sqoop

Enterprises that use Hadoop are finding it necessary to transfer some of their data from traditional relational database management systems (RDBMSs) to the Hadoop ecosystem.

Sqoop, an integral part of Hadoop, can perform this transfer in an automated fashion. Moreover, the data imported into Hadoop can be transformed with MapReduce before exporting them back to the RDBMS. Sqoop can also generate Java classes for programmatically interacting with imported data.

Sqoop uses a connector-based architecture that allows it to use plugins for connecting with external databases.

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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.