Web-Oriented Architecture

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What Does Web-Oriented Architecture Mean?

Web-oriented architecture (WOA) is a type of software architecture that is designed to be used for website and Web applications. It builds on service-oriented architecture (SOA) by adding support for Web-based software application and services. The key difference between SOA and WOA is the use of REST APIs by WOA instead of SOAP by SOA.

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Techopedia Explains Web-Oriented Architecture

WOA is primarily a sub-style of SOA with Web capabilities. It integrates and connects systems and users through the global set of hypermedia (Internet) technologies and works on user interfaces and API. It is commonly used as service architecture in social media websites and cloud-based services.

WOA has five fundamental interface constraints:

  • Identification of the resource, such as uniform resource identifier
  • Manipulation of resources through Web-based representations such as HTTP
  • Self-descriptive messages like MIME
  • Hypermedia for the engine of application state
  • Application neutrality, meaning the application/service created on WOA can be deployed/used on any platform

Nick Gall, a Gartner analyst who coined the term WOA, also provided a simple formula to describe WOA:

WOA = SOA + WWW + REST

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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert
Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.