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JSON is a standard data-interchange format for creating documents similar to XML and not an outright type of database, so there really is no single standard query language. Instead, there are many independent languages developed by different organizations for manipulating and parsing JSON documents.
JSON materialized because of a perceived need for stateful, real-time client-server communication without the need to use browser plug-ins such as Java applets or Flash as was the norm in the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Query languages compatible with JSON: