Border Gateway Protocol Routing

What Does Border Gateway Protocol Routing Mean?

Border gateway protocol (BGP) routing is the process of routing Internet data and packets using the BGP protocol.

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It enables communicating and exchanging routing information across the Internet and autonomous systems, as well as connecting or communicating between Internet service providers (ISP) or to the external borders of enterprise networks.

Techopedia Explains Border Gateway Protocol Routing

BGP routing utilizes information from available paths, path attributes and network routing policies implemented by the network administrators to route data/packets. Such path attributes help the BGP protocol in selecting the optimal path based on the conditions at hand. BGP routing is considered to be one of the most important routing processes that enable the sending of data over the Internet.

BGP routing manages incoming and outgoing routing tables to store inward and outward routing paths. Every time a routing process is initiated, these tables are accessed to select a path/route.

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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.