Hardware Security Module (HSM)
Definition - What does Hardware Security Module (HSM) mean?
Techopedia explains Hardware Security Module (HSM)
Hardware security module systems come in different flavors and form factors, and are less susceptible to corruption and system failures. This is because they do not have an operating system and are externally attached to the device they are serving. Examples of hardware security module systems include physically shielded LAN appliances, smart cards and PCI plugin cards. Hardware security modules provide protection against internal and external intruders using two-factor authentication.
Hardware security modules provide many distinct benefits, including:
- Providing certifications that conform to security standards
- Dual control access protection
- Load distribution and reliability
- Support for all standard cryptographic algorithms
- Several transactions per second
- Greater availability of keys with just one hardware security module
The software and hardware present in the modules are specifically dedicated for security functions and thus provide faster and superior results.