Spatial Data Mining

What Does Spatial Data Mining Mean?

Spatial data mining is the application of data mining to spatial models. In spatial data mining, analysts use geographical or spatial information to produce business intelligence or other results. This requires specific techniques and resources to get the geographical data into relevant and useful formats.


Techopedia Explains Spatial Data Mining

Challenges involved in spatial data mining include identifying patterns or finding objects that are relevant to the questions that drive the research project. Analysts may be looking in a large database field or other extremely large data set in order to find just the relevant data, using GIS/GPS tools or similar systems.

One interesting thing about the term "spatial data mining" is that it is generally used to talk about finding useful and non-trivial patterns in data. In other words, just setting up a visual map of geographic data may not be considered spatial data mining by experts. The core goal of a spatial data mining project is to distinguish the information in order to build real, actionable patterns to present, excluding things like statistical coincidence, randomized spatial modeling or irrelevant results. One way analysts may do this is by combing through data looking for "same-object" or "object-equivalent" models to provide accurate comparisons of different geographic locations.


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Margaret Rouse

Margaret Rouse is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical, business audience. Over the past twenty years her explanations have appeared on TechTarget websites and she's been cited as an authority in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine and Discovery Magazine.Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages. If you have a suggestion for a new definition or how to improve a technical explanation, please email Margaret or contact her…