Security Framework

What is a Security Framework?

A security framework is a set of guidelines and best practices that provides organizations with a systematic way to protect their information and information and communication (ICT) systems.


Security frameworks can be used to help organizations identify and assess their cybersecurity risks, develop and implement security controls, monitor and manage their security posture, and assess their compliance with current and proposed regulations.

Security Framework Components

A security framework components typically address the following concerns:

Common Security Frameworks

Organizations typically adopt a framework that aligns best with their business needs. Organizations in industries that have unique types of risks will often combine elements from multiple frameworks to suit their particular situation.

Popular security frameworks in use today include:

ISO 27001 provides organizations with a framework for selecting and implementing security controls. Organizations can achieve ISO 27001 certification by undergoing an audit by an accredited certification body.

Certification demonstrates to stakeholders that the organization is following international information security best practices.

The NIST Cybersecurity Framework, developed by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology, is structured around five core functions: Identify, Protect, Detect, Respond, and Recover.

The framework is designed to be adaptable for various industries and organizational sizes.

The CIS Critical Security Controls, developed by the Center for Internet Security, is a framework for using security controls to improve cybersecurity defenses. The controls provide organizations with actionable steps to prevent, detect, and mitigate cyber threats.

COBIT (Control Objectives for Information and Related Technologies) is a framework developed by ISACA, primarily focused on the governance and management of enterprise IT. It offers a holistic approach, linking business objectives with IT goals while providing a set of processes and control objectives.

COBIT aids organizations in developing, organizing, and implementing strategies for IT governance and management.

  • Cryptocurrency Security Standard (CCSS)

The Cryptocurrency Security Standard (CCSS) is a security framework designed specifically for safeguarding cryptocurrency systems. Developed by the CryptoCurrency Certification Consortium (C4), the CCSS provides guidelines to ensure the security of cryptocurrency operations against a variety of threats, including both external hacks and internal fraud.


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Margaret Rouse

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.