Test Automation Framework

What Does Test Automation Framework Mean?

A test automation framework is essentially a set of guidelines for creating and designing test cases. It is a conceptual part of automated testing that helps testers to use resources more efficiently.


Techopedia Explains Test Automation Framework

Rather than being an actual component of a testing software application, the test automation framework is a combination of concepts and tools that works with items like internal libraries and reusable code modules to provide a foundation for test automation. Test automation frameworks can orient test cases by providing the test case syntax, including directions for methodology, and setting up a scope for iterative testing to make the whole process more efficient and less difficult.

There are different types of models for test automation frameworks — for example, some of them are keyword oriented, where a table of keywords provides the basis for building test cases. A data-driven approach is also possible, where the test framework supplies "inputs" and observes a series of corresponding "outputs." One way to think about this is that it is similar to a graphing calculator’s mapping of a parabolic curve: in the data-driven test cases, a range of variables is used to look at how variable changes affect test outcomes.


Related Terms

Margaret Rouse

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.