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Test Automation Framework

What does Test Automation Framework mean?

A test automation framework is essentially a set of guidelines for creating and designing test cases. It is a conceptual part of automated testing that helps testers to use resources more efficiently.
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Techopedia explains Test Automation Framework

Rather than being an actual component of a testing software application, the test automation framework is a combination of concepts and tools that works with items like internal libraries and reusable code modules to provide a foundation for test automation. Test automation frameworks can orient test cases by providing the test case syntax, including directions for methodology, and setting up a scope for iterative testing to make the whole process more efficient and less difficult.

There are different types of models for test automation frameworks — for example, some of them are keyword oriented, where a table of keywords provides the basis for building test cases. A data-driven approach is also possible, where the test framework supplies "inputs" and observes a series of corresponding "outputs." One way to think about this is that it is similar to a graphing calculator’s mapping of a parabolic curve: in the data-driven test cases, a range of variables is used to look at how variable changes affect test outcomes.
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