Definition - What does Computer-Based Patient Record (CPR) mean?
A computer-based patient record (CPR) is an integrated electronic system that contains patient information. The information recorded includes not only individual health status and care but also demographic, medical and financial information, which is often derived from ancillary services like laboratories, billings, etc.
A CPR system establishes a link between databases, networks, medical entry, clinical workstations and electronic communication systems. Unlike other health care information systems, a CPR system is solely focused on patient care.
Techopedia explains Computer-Based Patient Record (CPR)
One of the challenges in the implementation and adoption of a computer-based patient record (CPR) system is the fact that it must meet all the necessary clinical, administrative and legal requirements, as it completely replaces the medical chart of the patient.
The goals of a CPR system can be briefly classified as:
Improvement in quality of care
Reduction in organizational expenses and costs
Implementation of a data stream for electronic billing
In order to meet the above goals, a CPR system must ensure strong connectivity, data mining, as well as workflow automation. The benefits of implementing a CPR system can be briefly categorized as clinical, administrative, revenue and workflow. The clinical benefits of implementing a CPR system are improved clinical decision making, improved access to patient chart, disease management and simplified patient education. The documentation can also be enhanced, and there is an improvement in the quality of care of patients as the medical staff get better quality time with the patients. A CPR system also brings in significant workflow-related benefits. It furthermore allows a reduction in transcription expenses and labor costs, as well as an improvement in communication and data intake. Another big advantage is the better management of laboratory results, drug management and referrals.
The administrative benefits in implementing a CPR system include an objective monitoring of medical practices, improved outcome research and disease management. The use of a CPR system also helps in the easy generation of report cards and faster claims processing. It also helps in presenting the data in an organized format to the administrators.
The implementation of a CPR also enhances revenue management because improved administrative performance and workflow help in cost reduction. It also helps in bringing effective health maintenance programs.
Although there are significant advantages in implementing a CPR system, there are also challenges associated with the same, which hinder its widespread adoption. The challenges include the return on investment, cost, policy, standards deficits and leadership.