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A cloud security broker is an IT firm that acts as a "middleman" between cloud service providers and cloud service customers to provide security architecture or standards.
A cloud security broker is also often called cloud access security broker.
A cloud security broker may provide various authentication services for cloud systems. It may provide encryption or security analysis, or malware prevention tools, or other kinds of analysis like credential mapping and device profiling. It may also audit cloud usage and provide alerts on suspicious behaviors or help with compliance in various industries. Although a cloud security broker offers a broad range of services, it is essentially a third-party service that guarantees certain security standards for the cloud services that businesses use to modernize and upgrade enterprise systems.