ALERT

[LAST CHANCE] Data Layer: Modern Business, Defined

Uncanny Valley

Definition - What does Uncanny Valley mean?

The uncanny valley is a phenomenon that occurs in the human psyche and perception with regards to objects that are human-like, usually robots and images, and determines our reaction towards that object. It is still just a hypothesis, and it is stated to the effect of “as an object such as a robot gets more human-like, the response of some observers will become increasingly positive and emphatic, until a point is reached in the robot’s human-likeness beyond which the reactions quickly turn to strong revulsion.”

Techopedia explains Uncanny Valley

The uncanny valley concept was first identified by Masahiro Mori, a robotics professor, in 1970 who called it Bukimi no Tani Gensho. The term "uncanny valley" first appeared in the book "Robots: Fact, Fiction, and Prediction" that was written by Jasia Reichardt and published in 1978. The concept has also been linked to Ernst Jentsch’s 1906 essay “On the Psychology of the Uncanny,” which was later elaborated by Sigmund Freud in his 1919 essay “The Uncanny.”

The term refers to the shape of the graph formed when plotting people’s reactions to different objects that continuously increase in their human-like appearance. As the human likeness of the object increases, people's affinity to it increases until a point is reached that the human likeness becomes off-putting, disturbing and weird. This is the uncanny “valley” since there is an immediate drop to affinity and then another immediate rise on the other side, forming the shape of a "V" or a valley.

This is why robots like Pixar's Wall-E and Eve would look cute to most people and robots that are meant to be extremely human-like but not quite are very disturbing – for example the Showa Hanako dental training android and the CB2 child robot – they fall on the uncanny valley region on the graph. These robots are ones that have very human-like faces but have off proportions or off skin color and texture that looks to rubbery, or has a blank stare in its eyes. This is also prevalent in human characters in CG animated movies.

Techopedia Deals

Connect with us

Techopedia on Linkedin
Techopedia on Linkedin
Tweat cdn.techopedia.com
"Techopedia" on Twitter


'@Techopedia'
Sign up for Techopedia's Free Newsletter!

Email Newsletter

Join thousands of others with our weekly newsletter

Resources
The 4th Era of IT Infrastructure: Superconverged Systems
The 4th Era of IT Infrastructure: Superconverged Systems:
Learn the benefits and limitations of the 3 generations of IT infrastructure – siloed, converged and hyperconverged – and discover how the 4th...
Approaches and Benefits of Network Virtualization
Approaches and Benefits of Network Virtualization:
Businesses today aspire to achieve a software-defined datacenter (SDDC) to enhance business agility and reduce operational complexity. However, the...
Free E-Book: Public Cloud Guide
Free E-Book: Public Cloud Guide:
This white paper is for leaders of Operations, Engineering, or Infrastructure teams who are creating or executing an IT roadmap.
Free Tool: Virtual Health Monitor
Free Tool: Virtual Health Monitor:
Virtual Health Monitor is a free virtualization monitoring and reporting tool for VMware, Hyper-V, RHEV, and XenServer environments.
Free 30 Day Trial – Turbonomic
Free 30 Day Trial – Turbonomic:
Turbonomic delivers an autonomic platform where virtual and cloud environments self-manage in real-time to assure application performance.