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Artificial general intelligence refers to a type of distinguished artificial intelligence that is broad in the way that human cognitive systems are broad, that can do different kinds of tasks well, and that really simulates the breadth of the human intellect, rather than focusing on more specific or narrower types of tasks. The term is used to distinguish various types of artificial intelligence from each other — the terms “strong artificial intelligence” or “full artificial intelligence” are also used to discuss broader artificial intelligence goals.
Artificial general intelligence is also known as general artificial intelligence.
One of the big questions in artificial intelligence is to what extent machines can become intelligent, and to what extent they can mirror the capabilities of the human brain. Some debates on artificial intelligence begin with the Turing test developed in the 20th century, which simply asks if a computer could fool a human into thinking they were communicating with another human, when in fact, they were communicating with the machine.
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Other discussions on artificial intelligence go far beyond that — where some narrower or weaker forms of artificial intelligence include expert game-playing computers, computers that reference developed ontologies for conversation, and computers that give directions or other instructions, other kinds of artificial intelligence that could be called “artificial general intelligence” will look and feel much more like the behaviors and communication methods of human beings.