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Deep Blue was a supercomputer developed by IBM specifically for playing chess and was best known for being the first artificial intelligence construct to ever win a chess match against a reigning world champion, Grandmaster Garry Kasparov, under regular time controls. Deep Blue lost to Kasparov in their first 6-game match in 1996 with a score of 4–2, and was later heavily upgraded and finally won over Kasparov in May 1997 in a 6-game rematch with a score of 3½–2½.
Development of Deep Blue started in 1985 as the ChipTest research project in Carnegie Mellon University led by Feng-hsiung Hsu. It eventually evolved into Deep Thought and by that time IBM decided to hire the entire development team composed of Hsu, Murray Campbell and Thomas Anantharaman. The project was later renamed to Deep Blue in 1989 and Joel Benjamin, a chess grandmaster, was added to the development team.
Technical specifications of Deep Blue include: