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Network automation is the process of automating the configuration, management and operations of a computer network. It a broad term that includes a number of tools, technologies and methodologies used to automate network processes.
Network automation is implemented through the combination of hardware and software-based solutions that automatically execute and manage repetitive network environment processes.
A common example of network automation is the firewall application, which once set up, automatically allows or blocks incoming/outgoing traffic for abnormalities. Similarly, the network switch/server automatically provides an Internet Protocol (IP) address to any network node connected to a new network.