Tech moves fast! Stay ahead of the curve with Techopedia!
Join nearly 200,000 subscribers who receive actionable tech insights from Techopedia.
An inter-integrated circuit (Inter-IC or I2C) is a multi-master serial bus that connects low-speed peripherals to a motherboard, mobile phone, embedded system or other electronic devices.Also known as a two-wire interface.
Developed by Phillip Semiconductors in 1980, the I2C was initially designed to lessen costs by streamlining massive wiring systems with an easier interface for connecting a central processing unit (CPU) to peripheral chips in a television. It originally had a battery-controlled interface but later utilized an internal bus system.
In 1992, version 1.0 was the first I2C standardized. By 1995, Intel introduced the system management bus (SMBus), which is derived from the I2C. The SMBus defined firmer protocols for communication with low-bandwidth modules and sometimes supported the I2C that required marginal reconfiguration. The SMBus is comparable to the I2C bus but has different enhanced features such as voltage levels, clock frequency and a preference for an additional interrupt request wire.
Although slower than the majority of buses, the I2C is an inexpensive architecture and is ideal for peripherals that do not require a lot of speed such as digital-to-analog and analog-to-digital controllers, built-in tests, real-time clocks, color balance, tone and volume control.