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The phrase “ICBM address” in IT refers to a specific type of address or signature used in the USENET newsgroups forums of the 1980s and 1990s. Because of a project called the USENET mapping project, USENET addresses included areas for geopositioning information (longitude and latitude) in order to pioneer some early digital geolocation systems predating modern GIS.
Because the 1980s and 1990s were also part of the Cold War era, the geolocation of the USENET addresses used for the USENET mapping project were sometimes referred to as “ICBM addresses” in reference to Soviet long-range missiles. But experts point out that an address used for missile delivery would need additional locating information. Since the decline of USENET over the 1990s, “ICBM address” is now a neat bit of cold war arcana.