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In the world of database security, “native audit” is a term for tools and resources that enable administrators to conduct an internal audit of database activity. Conventional relational database management systems come with these types of auditing tools, to allow for better protection of the data that gets entered into the systems.
Native audit tools may monitor things like logins and logouts, as well as what kinds of queries are used and what kinds of data are accessed by users. These native audit logs are preserved in various ways. There is often a system where internal native audit logs get extracted for outside viewing.
Complex chains of monitoring and observation do the same thing for database security that a financial audit does for a particular department or office. Third-party auditors get the extracted native audit logs and go over them independently of the administrators. This helps to ensure that administrators have not modified or altered information in the logs.
A native audit is an essential part of database security, and a common practice in database management. It is also a helpful idea in data forensics, where investigators may go in and look at the “immutable record” of database activity.