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The Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) is a construct of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a group that works on various standards for the web. The Simple Knowledge Organization System is designed to provide consistent designs for different types of knowledge collections, such as a dictionary or thesaurus, taxonomy or classification scheme.
The idea of the Simple Knowledge Organization System is part of the semantic Web framework, a system meant to enhance connections between linked data. It is also built on the Resource Description Framework (RDF), a set of specifications designed for managing data and metadata. The Simple Knowledge Organization System is based on concepts, which are described as “units of thought.” Breaking down these concepts into a defined syntax helps to organize the knowledge system. The Simple Knowledge Organization System uses something called a “concept scheme” to organize these individual concepts. Documentation and semantic relations tools also help with the task of ordering larger information sets.
The W3C continues to work on SKOS and other projects to enhance the semantic Web, and to manage and control the very diverse set of resources on the global internet, as well as future additions.