Feature Selection

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What Does Feature Selection Mean?

In machine learning, feature selection is the use of specific variables or data points to maximize efficiency in this type of advanced data science.

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Feature selection is also known as variable selection, attribute selection or subset selection.

Techopedia Explains Feature Selection

With feature selection, engineers and data scientists are able to tune out a lot of the “noise” in a given system. Using feature selection helps to discard redundant or irrelevant data, and this culling can make the machine learning results stronger. For instance, in a marine biology project, researchers could use feature selection to only select certain classifying information on one or more surveyed species, and eliminate other data that is not central to the project.

Feature selection can be done with various types of tools including Weka, Scikit-learn and R. This can help create more accurate models, and generally improve machine learning processes. Engineers have to work with feature selection and training data to prevent overfitting and other problems. Feature selection also helps teams to avoid the “curse of dimensionality,” which is a shorthand for certain kinds of data problems in complex computing operations.

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Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert
Margaret Rouse
Technology Expert

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.