Definition - What does Samba mean?
Samba is the re-implementation of SMB/CIFS networking protocol developed by Andrew Tridgell.
Samba uses TCP/IP and is installed on the host machine. After configuration on both sides (host and client), Samba allows the host machine to communicate with the client machine. During this communication, the client machine acts as a file or print server.
Techopedia explains Samba
Samba is a very flexible open-source software that can run on most operating systems. For example, Microsoft Windows clients use print and file services provided by Samba.
Samba is an application that enables a network administrator to work in an open environment with full flexibility and freedom in terms of configuration, setups and other selection regarding hardware and system elements. In other words, Samba was designed to remove hurdles to interoperability.