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A server farm is a set of many servers interconnected together and housed within the same physical facility. A server farm provides the combined computing power of many servers by simultaneously executing one or more applications or services. A server farm is generally a part of an enterprise data center or a component of supercomputer.
A server farm is also known as a server cluster or computer ranch.
A server farm is designed to provide a massive and redundant source of computing power for computing-intensive applications. Server farms generally consist of thousands of servers, but their size can vary in different organizations and based on underlying requirements. Each server within the server farm is networked to the others and to a central management server. The central server manages the overall operations of these servers such as assigning processes, resource balancing, scheduling, security, updates and more. Although server farms are primarily used for enterprise and scientific applications, they can also be used to provide various services, such as core computing services for the primary application (ERP/CRM), data and application backup services, load balancing and more.