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Static testing is a technique used during the software development life cycle (SDLC) for software component and code error detection prior to application execution. Static testing may include walk-throughs, reviews, inspections and data flow analysis. It mainly involves syntax checking of code and manually reviewing algorithms as well as documents to find any errors.
Static testing is also known as dry run testing.
Early SDLC error detection and repair is less expensive than errors detected in later phases. Static testing follows a review process, which must adhere to established testing standards.
Factors analyzed prior to a review process include:
Static testing teams follow a general procedure for documentation review, including: