National Institute Of Standards And Technology

Why Trust Techopedia

What Does National Institute Of Standards And Technology Mean?

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is a measurements standards laboratory, a non-regulatory agency working under the U.S. Department of Commerce. The agency aims to improve innovation and competitiveness through the advancement of technology, standards, and measurement science as well as improve quality of life and enhance financial security.

Advertisements

Between 1901 and 1988, this agency was known as the National Bureau of Standards (NBS).

Techopedia Explains National Institute Of Standards And Technology

As a unit of the Department of Commerce, NIST must develop and promote standards in order to facilitate innovation and stability due to standardization. This has been the quest of NIST ever since its inception in 1790, when President Washington declared in his first message to Congress that the uniformity of currency and weights and measurements must be seen to. He ordered the then Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson to prepare a plan for this. NIST itself (originally known as NBS) came to being in 1901, with its predecessor, the Office of Standard Weights and Measures doing the job since 1830 as part of the U.S. Treasury Department.

NIST’s headquarters is in Gaithersburg, Maryland with another operational facility in Boulder, Colorado. Its operations are separated as laboratory programs and extramural programs. As of October 1st, 2010, there are six laboratory units:

· Information Technology Laboratory (ITL)

· Engineering Laboratory (EL)

· Physical Measurement Laboratory (PML)

· Material Measurement Laboratory (MML)

· NIST Center for Neutron Research (NCNR)

· Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST)

Advertisements

Related Terms

Margaret Rouse
Editor

Margaret jest nagradzaną technical writerką, nauczycielką i wykładowczynią. Jest znana z tego, że potrafi w prostych słowach pzybliżyć złożone pojęcia techniczne słuchaczom ze świata biznesu. Od dwudziestu lat jej definicje pojęć z dziedziny IT są publikowane przez Que w encyklopedii terminów technologicznych, a także cytowane w artykułach ukazujących się w New York Times, w magazynie Time, USA Today, ZDNet, a także w magazynach PC i Discovery. Margaret dołączyła do zespołu Techopedii w roku 2011. Margaret lubi pomagać znaleźć wspólny język specjalistom ze świata biznesu i IT. W swojej pracy, jak sama mówi, buduje mosty między tymi dwiema domenami, w ten…