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The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a global agency that helps to provide diverse standards for industrial, commercial and public use. Some of these relate to manufacturing and other physical industries, while others apply to digital technologies and other aspects of modern IT. The ISO has helped to shape the face of modern technology and communications.
The ISO has been in operation since 1926, with a several year hiatus during World War II. The official languages of this group are English, French and Russian. The majority of the world’s nations are ISO members in some capacity, although some African nations are not categorized as members of the ISO. The ISO prepares guides and other documentation on standards for an international audience.
One primary contribution of the ISO in IT relates to the data packets that function as the means of transmission for data transmitted over the Web. The ISO also played a major role in the standardization of communications protocols such as Voice over IP (VoIP). The ISO has put together comprehensive standards for data packets that promote consistency in international messaging over the Internet. Other networks also use these standards.