Nanowire is a solid rod-like material or structure with diameter on the order of nanometers. Similar to conventional wires, they are also manufactured from semiconducting metal oxides, metals or carbon nanotubes. Due to their size they exhibit unique thermal, chemical, electronic, optical and mechanical properties which are not found in bulk...
Line of sight (LoS) is a type of propagation that can transmit and receive data only where transmit and receive stations are in view of each other without any sort of an obstacle between them. FM radio, microwave and satellite transmission are examples of line-of-sight communication.
Long-distance data communication is more effective through wireless networks but geographical obstacles and the curvature of the earth bring limitations to line-of-sight transmission. However, these issues can generally be mitigated through planning, calculations and the use of additional technologies. For example, mobile phones use a modified line-of-sight transmission, which is made possible through a combination of effects like diffraction, multipath reflection, local repeaters and rapid handoff.
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