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Bell 212A

Definition - What does Bell 212A mean?

Bell 212A is a modem standard used in synchronous or asynchronous full duplex data transmission operations across dial-up lines that operates at a 1.2 Kbps data rate. Bell 212A is used in public switched telephone networks and can be used even upon adding leased lines.

Techopedia explains Bell 212A

The widely used protocols in Bell 212A modems are:

  • Microcom Networking Protocol (MNP) Level 1-4: MNP enables error-free, asynchronous data transmissions. It was an industry standard in the 1980s.
  • MNP Level 5: These protocols incorporate the first four levels along with a data compression algorithm. Due to their ability to compress data, these protocols can double the amount of data that can be sent at the modem's top transmission speed.
  • V.42, V.42 bis: These protocols are internationally recognized for data compression and error control. V.42 includes Link Access Protocol and MNP 1-4. Two V.42 compliant modems use LAMP to control data errors between modems and retransmit bad data blocks. If one modem uses V.42 and the other supports MNP, they negotiate to use MNP protocol. In either case, the error control process is automatic and does not require any special software program.

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