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Computer-assisted review (CAR) involves the use of software to help to review documents or evaluate them for information. Some of the most common definitions for computer-assisted review involve processes like e-discovery where human decision-makers are trying to get specific data from a vast volume of documents.
Computer-assisted review is also known as technology-assisted review.
A major part of the idea of computer-assisted review involves the ways that professionals review documents, and the ways that technology can help explain this process. One of the best examples is in the legal field. Attorneys have to analyze large bodies of information in the form of many pages of documents. One easy type of computer-assisted review involves having computers scan for relevant keywords and source material, which lessens the burden on the individual human user for finding that information.
One way to think about this type of computer-assisted review is as the automatic aggregation of the information that someone wants – retrieving the needle from the haystack in terms of looking through many pages of digital documents and finding the points that apply to someone's specific search.