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A project manager is the person responsible for leading a project from its inception to execution. This includes planning, execution and managing the people, resources and scope of the project. Project managers must have the discipline to create clear and attainable objectives and to see them through to successful completion. The project manager has full responsibility and authority to complete the assigned project.
A project manager's position may end with the completion of the assigned project, or it may be a semipermanent position for a limited time or until a predetermined point in the project’s schedule or stage of completion.
There are many certifications offered in project management from a variety of organizations. These include Project Management Professional (PMP), Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM) and Program Management Professional (PgMP).
A project manager's responsibilities include overall management, but he or she is seldom directly involved with the activities that actually produce the end result. The position also oversees any associated products and services, project tools and techniques to help ensure good practices. In addition, project managers are responsible for recruiting and building project teams, and making projections about the project's risks and uncertainties.
Managing relationships and personalities is a huge part of being a project manager. Teams must work, plan and communicate well together. The ability to collaborate and maintain successful team member relationships is crucial. Friction, conflict and honest disagreements are part of the creative process, but the project manager must be sure these do not destroy the project. Making sure team members feel valued, recognizing and praising superior work, and maintaining a quality working environment for all team members will aid in this human management effort.