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The Fourier transform is a mathematical function that takes a time-based pattern as input and determines the overall cycle offset, rotation speed and strength for every possible cycle in the given pattern. The Fourier transform is applied to waveforms which are basically a function of time, space or some other variable. The Fourier transform decomposes a waveform into a sinusoid and thus provides another way to represent a waveform.
The Fourier transform is a mathematical function that decomposes a waveform, which is a function of time, into the frequencies that make it up. The result produced by the Fourier transform is a complex valued function of frequency. The absolute value of the Fourier transform represents the frequency value present in the original function and its complex argument represents the phase offset of the basic sinusoidal in that frequency.
The Fourier transform is also called a generalization of the Fourier series. This term can also be applied to both the frequency domain representation and the mathematical function used. The Fourier transform helps in extending the Fourier series to non-periodic functions, which allows viewing any function as a sum of simple sinusoids.
The Fourier transform of a function f(x) is given by:
Where F(k) can be obtained using inverse Fourier transform.
Some of the properties of Fourier transform include:
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