What Does Huffman Coding Mean?
Huffman coding is a lossless data encoding algorithm. The process behind its scheme includes sorting numerical values from a set in order of their frequency. The least frequent numbers are gradually eliminated via the Huffman tree, which adds the two lowest frequencies from the sorted list in every new “branch.” The sum is then positioned above the two eliminated lower frequency values, and replaces them in the new sorted list. Each time a new branch is created, it moves the general direction of the tree either to the right (for higher values) or the left (for lower values). When the sorted list is exhausted and the tree is complete, the final value is zero if the tree ended on a left number, or it is one if it ended on the right. This is a method of reducing complex code into simpler sequences and is common in video encoding.