Cisco CloudCenter: Get the Hybrid IT Advantage

Machine Cycle

Definition - What does Machine Cycle mean?

A machine cycle consists of the steps that a computer’s processor executes whenever it receives a machine language instruction. It is the most basic CPU operation, and modern CPUs are able to perform millions of machine cycles per second. The cycle consists of three standard steps: fetch, decode and execute. In some cases, store is also incorporated into the cycle.

Techopedia explains Machine Cycle

The machine cycle is the most basic operation that a computer performs, and in order to complete menial tasks such as showing a single character on the screen, the CPU has to perform multiple cycles. The computer does this from the moment it boots up until it shuts down.

The steps of a machine cycle are:

  • Fetch – The control unit requests instructions from the main memory that is stored at a memory’s location as indicated by the program counter (also known as the instruction counter).
  • Decode – Received instructions are decoded in the instruction register. This involves breaking the operand field into its components based on the instruction’s operation code (opcode).
  • Execute – This involves the instruction’s opcode as it specifies the CPU operation required. The program counter indicates the instruction sequence for computer. These instructions are arranged into the instructions register and as each are executed, it increments the program counter so that the next instruction is stored in memory. Appropriate circuitry is then activated to perform the requested task. As soon as instructions have been executed, it restarts the machine cycle that begins the fetch step.
Share this:

Connect with us

Email Newsletter

Join thousands of others with our weekly newsletter

The 4th Era of IT Infrastructure: Superconverged Systems
The 4th Era of IT Infrastructure: Superconverged Systems:
Learn the benefits and limitations of the 3 generations of IT infrastructure – siloed, converged and hyperconverged – and discover how the 4th...
Approaches and Benefits of Network Virtualization
Approaches and Benefits of Network Virtualization:
Businesses today aspire to achieve a software-defined datacenter (SDDC) to enhance business agility and reduce operational complexity. However, the...
Free E-Book: Public Cloud Guide
Free E-Book: Public Cloud Guide:
This white paper is for leaders of Operations, Engineering, or Infrastructure teams who are creating or executing an IT roadmap.
Free Tool: Virtual Health Monitor
Free Tool: Virtual Health Monitor:
Virtual Health Monitor is a free virtualization monitoring and reporting tool for VMware, Hyper-V, RHEV, and XenServer environments.
Free 30 Day Trial – Turbonomic
Free 30 Day Trial – Turbonomic:
Turbonomic delivers an autonomic platform where virtual and cloud environments self-manage in real-time to assure application performance.