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Microsoft foundation classes (MFC) are C++ language and Windows application programming interface (API) classes bundled in a software application development library.
The MFC library is a collection of many different classes, including Windows APIs. It is built with C++ language and serves functionalities required by most executable software programs. These classes are prewritten and routine-based code that may be reused as application program components on the same back end.
As Microsoft realized the need for real-world software and Web application functionalities, as well as rising global demand for technology solutions, the job of the programmer grew increasingly complex. Many programmers were accustomed to rewriting or customizing code for different applications, especially because of the identical nature of operating system-based controls.
In 1993, Microsoft released MFC 1.0 with C/C++ 7.0, which was a comprehensive set of prewritten and easily embedded classes and Windows APIs that greatly reduced developer time and effort.
The MFC library framework tool remains popular and is used by many developers. However, the .NET framework is making significant strides due to its solid Microsoft backing and varied language interoperability. The MFC library encompasses all potentially required application interfaces, such as the graphical user interface, ActiveX, input/output and other OS-handling mechanisms.