Permanent Virtual Circuit

What Does Permanent Virtual Circuit Mean?

A permanent virtual circuit (PVC) is a connection that is permanently established between two or more nodes in frame relay and asynchronous transfer mode (ATM) based networks. It enables the creation of a logical connection on top of a physical connection between nodes that communicate frequently or continuously.

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Techopedia Explains Permanent Virtual Circuit

A PVC is designed to eliminate the need to set up a call connection on frame relay, ATM or X.25 networks. Typically, the physical connections of a frame relay or supported network into various virtual circuits (VC) allow a physical connection to support multiple VCs simultaneously. Each connection is permanent and transfers data by utilizing the underlying bandwidth capacity and infrastructure. For example, a bank’s headquarters often sets up a PVC between branch offices for continuous data exchange and transfer.

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Margaret Rouse

Margaret is an award-winning technical writer and teacher known for her ability to explain complex technical subjects to a non-technical business audience. Over the past twenty years, her IT definitions have been published by Que in an encyclopedia of technology terms and cited in articles by the New York Times, Time Magazine, USA Today, ZDNet, PC Magazine, and Discovery Magazine. She joined Techopedia in 2011. Margaret's idea of a fun day is helping IT and business professionals learn to speak each other’s highly specialized languages.