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A binary file is a type of computer file that is used to store binary data. It may contain any type of formatted or unformatted data encoded within binary format. It is used directly by the computer and generally can't be read by a human.
Binary files may also be called binaries.
A binary file may consist of binary data stored by the computer or non-binary data converted or encoded into binary data. A binary file generally remains native and resident within the computer, but it can be converted/encoded to plain text if it needs to be transmitted over a network/Internet connection.
A computer program file is one of the most common examples of a binary file.