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What is USDC?

USD Coin (USDC) is a leading stablecoin pegged 1:1 to the US dollar, created via The Centre Consortium, its value remains steadfast, providing a safe harbor for traders amidst market upheavals.


Launched in 2018 on the robust Ethereum blockchain, USDC has since expanded its reach, embracing multiple blockchain platforms, including Algorand, Solana, and Tron.

The Centre Consortium, a collaborative endeavor between Circle and Coinbase, birthed USDC with a clear vision: to offer a transparent, regulated alternative to other stablecoins, particularly Tether (USDT).

Its commitment to maintaining every token backed by $1 USD in cash or cash equivalents ensures a reliable digital currency, fostering a secure ecosystem for decentralized applications (dApps) and crypto exchanges.

The precision of its value has rendered this stablecoin invaluable for international transactions, transcending the inefficiencies of traditional finance.

History of USDC and the Centre Consortium

May 2018 marked a pivotal moment in the crypto world with the announcement of USDC.

By September 2018, it was live, thanks to the pioneering efforts of the Centre Consortium.

Circle and Coinbase, titans in peer-to-peer (P2P) payments and crypto exchange, respectively, joined forces to usher in this new era of stablecoins.

These institutions not only brought credibility but also attracted significant investment, securing backing from financial heavyweights, including Goldman Sachs and Breyer Capital.

Their $110 million USD investment underscored the potential of USDC, setting the stage for its ascendancy in the stablecoin domain.

How Does USDC Work?

USDC operates on a straightforward yet robust mechanism, when a user wishes to acquire USDC, they deposit USD into a bank account controlled by the token issuer.

In return, an equivalent amount of USDC is minted through a smart contract and delivered to the user, while the USD is securely held in reserve.

The reverse process applies for redemption, users send USDC to the issuer, triggering the smart contract to exchange USDC for USD, subsequently removing the USDC from circulation.

The issuer then transfers the USD amount (minus any applicable fees) back to the user’s bank account.

USDC’s commitment to transparency is one of its defining characteristics, all issuers are mandated to undergo regular audits, with their USD holdings published by Grant Thornton LLP.

This unwavering commitment to accountability and regulation distinguishes USDC from other stablecoins, earning it a reputation for reliability and trustworthiness.

Why is USDC Important?

Having grown significantly since the pioneering days of The Centre Consortium, USDC stands as a linchpin in the crypto ecosystem, offering unparalleled stability and efficiency.

Its ability to facilitate seamless cross-border transactions has opened up new avenues for international trade and investment.

Moreover, USDC provides liquidity to crypto markets, ensuring smooth and rapid trading across a plethora of blockchain networks.

As an ERC-20 token, it plays a crucial role in smart contract deployment on the Ethereum network, driving innovation and growth within the decentralized finance (DeFi) sector.

Its rapid transaction times, low fees, and the security afforded by blockchain technology make USDC an attractive option for both crypto enthusiasts and those looking to explore digital currencies.

The Bottom Line

In the tumultuous realm of cryptocurrencies, USDC stands out as a pillar of stability and reliability.

Its rigorous adherence to regulation, transparency, and its 1:1 pegging to the US Dollar ensure users a safe and secure means of transacting in the digital space – in testament to the original ideas of The Centre Consortium.

USDC’s ability to bridge the traditional financial world and the burgeoning crypto market positions it as an invaluable tool for global commerce, unlocking new possibilities and fostering innovation across industries.

As the crypto industry grows, USDC’s role becomes ever more critical, embodying the trust, stability, and innovation necessary to propel the crypto world forward.


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Sam Cooling
Crypto & Blockchain Writer
Sam Cooling
Crypto & Blockchain Writer

Sam Cooling is a crypto, financial, and business journalist based in London. Along with Techopedia, his work has been published in Yahoo Finance, Coin Rivet, and other leading publications in the financial space. His interest in cryptocurrency is driven by a passion for leveraging decentralized blockchain technologies to empower marginalized communities worldwide. This includes enhancing financial transparency, providing banking services to the unbanked, and improving agricultural supply chains. Sam has a Master’s Degree in Development Management from the London School of Economics and has worked as a Junior Research Fellow for the UK Defence Academy.